Survival Kit-What should be in it?
When making a kit you should try to cover as many of the “Priorities of Survival”. If you can cover six of eight you will have a complete kit; at least gear wise. Make sure you get quality items and learn how to use them properly. Try them out, do not just read instructions, books, or packaging and think that you have learned how to use the item. For example, take your tools for fire making out and make a fire.
Seven Priorities of Survival:
Will to Live [WTL]
Tools: Your primary tool should be a quality Fixed Blade Knife [Full tang]; examples: Tom Brown Tracker [T1 or T2], Brothers of Bushcraft Fieldcraft, Ontario Blackbird, Ka-Bar, Becker BK2, Mora, or similar quality knife [even a machete can fill this need]. The knife does not need to be gigantic. The reason I list this at #2 is because you can make some of the other priorities with a quality knife. Also, make sure you get a model without serrations on the blade edge as this is your carving area; the back is okay for serrations. You may also want to get a multi-tool and/or a folding knife; none of these can replace the versatility of the Fixed Blade Knife though. With a Fixed Blade, you can use it to carve traps and other tools, as well as slit wood for making a fire. I personally like the Tracker T1, but some people do not like the knife; I also use a Fieldcraft when a smaller knife is needed [ie less space and not pack/ruck]. I’ve used the T1 during four survival schools and was able to use it for all tasks. The important thing is to get a knife that you can work with and you feel confident in using it; so if you get one use it and get familiar with how it handles. [The T1 has become my Ruck knife and the Fieldcraft is on my OWB EDC and Battle Belt]. See our videos on EDC and Battle Belts.
The tools category expands when your survival reasons shift from wilderness/grid-down situations to Escape & Evasion situations. Additional tools you may consider for E&E would be [if legal for you to own] lock picks, para-cord or Kevlar shoe laces, & other items that would help you escape abductors. This may also include a firearm for self-defense, which may allow you to avoid capture, but first & foremost you would need to add "Awareness" to your mindset & will to live. If you can avoid the situation before it happens that would give you the best outcome.
Shelter*: Clothing is your first level of shelter. Pick poly-cotton or NYCO [nylon-cotton], as these materials dry quicker than 100% cotton and will have less chance to cause hypothermia when wet. Look for military type field uniforms [IE: BDU's, DCU's, MultiCam, MARPAT, etc]. Another good clothing option is wool. Wool is able to still keep you warm even when wet. Look for wool clothing at hunting, camping, hiking stores that sell wool field clothing. For additional shelter, look get a Poncho/Tarp or Tent/Bivi [get military grade ponchos, not the cheap camping store discount ones]. For a small kit or pocket kit get an Emergency Blanket. You may also want a wool blanket, Poncho Liner, or sleeping bag if you are able to carry one. Also, you should include cordage, such as 550 Cord [para-cord]. The cordage will allow you to secure a shelter easier than making cordage in the field. The 550 Cord can be used to tie a poncho or tarp up as a field expedient tarp tent or even a hammock with some models.
Fire*: You want at least three ways to make a fire. A Ferro Rod, lighter, and storm matches. A Ferro rod is one of the most reliable fire-starting options, especially since it is a gross motor skill and can be worked even when hypothermia is setting in. For lighters, I like Zippo and ExoTac Titian, but Bic or butane work too; just remember these don't work above 8000ft, whereas Zippo's usually can. You may want to also carry a fire starter tinder, such as cotton balls in petroleum jelly, dryer lint in petroleum jelly, or even commercial starters like “Wetfire” or “Zippo” brand tinder sticks.